In Hinduism, philosophy of Yoga is of pivotal importance. But all such descriptions have remained wrapped in mysticism. In this context there are two streams of thoughts. The first one is the stream of certain ontological or metaphysical concepts around the same. Second stream consists of the astrological concepts. The Yoga concept of astrology is an indication of the extent of metaphysical Yoga present in a person on account of the fulfillment of certain metaphysical conditions which has myriad dimensions. I had tried to highlight such metaphysical issue (not astrological) in one of my articles. But my thrust was on Karm Yoga. Others aspects remained a little cryptic, if not mystic.
We know that Yoga stands for Union/Unification on the basis of commonality of aspirations and mutual preferences. But question is union between whom and union of what? In fact it is the union of the aspirations of mother and father of the native which leads to all astrological concepts of Yoga. Further there are issues of the union of Head and Heart of an individual. In Indian astrology this issue is represented by another concept of Yoga which is one of the elements of five fundamentals, jointly called Panchang. Metaphysically and broadly speaking there are three types of Yoga as highlighted in Gita. Those are Bhakti Yoga, Gyan Yoga and Karma Yoga. A person may be born in any one, or any two or any three concepts of Yoga. These concepts of Yoga surround around two streams of pleasure & interest. Those are individual interest and social interest. We will discuss the three Yogas in isolation from each other.
In isolation Bhakti Yoga is Yoga where a person has no concept of social-interest or future-orientation in mind. Social interest invariably involves future concept. Meaning thereby future orientation in part of someone serves as vector of some or other social interest but is fulfilled mostly at the ending part of life. Bhakti stands for worship or devotion. In this type of Yoga, God means God without any human connotation. The person expects some divine force to shape the thing in one’s favor, as if by miracle everything should turn to his/her favor. So worship of an idol or a mythological icon is resorted to. It is a different thing that in due course it may serve as a means of concentration and strengthening of will-power. In cases of exaltation it may also lead to communion with the life in animate. This is purely individual-interest oriented Yoga. In real life the same approach, servility or sycophancy out of interest or out of fear, is taken as ‘sense of action’. They have no idea of the relevance of company and persona concept. This Yoga culminates into male-female relation involving only sex as ‘sense of action’.
Gyan Yoga is next echelon where person starts to brood over the truth behind God, Nature, Soul, Salvation and self-realization. This Yoga is oriented towards social-interest, but devoid of the knowledge of the fundamental laws of nature governing individual interest. So it may finally lead to egoism due to deprivation.
Then there comes Karm Yoga. Karm yoga may stand for fully planned Yoga. Karm yoga is of two types. First is the Karm Yoga in first birth as a continuity of the Gyan Yoga state of mind of parents. Second is Karma Yoga on account of the Karma of previous birth, which of course includes parent’s unfulfilled realizations of truth like detachment or disinterested action. The first type of Karma Yoga may not necessarily lead to salvation because whatever scheme one devise out of desire (freewill), a negative face of the same becomes invariably associated with the same. In Second type of Karma Yoga everything is well planned and hence whatever one does, turns out to be right for both him/her and the society, even if sometimes it appears to be wrong at the first impression. This type of Karma Yoga is called reincarnation. In this context it is worth reminding that it is not essential that everybody would have a rebirth after demise. Ordinary soul may wither away with time. But great soul remains hooked up in hyperspace until a moment of time for rebirth, as per their previous birth realizations, arrives. It depends upon the power of soul and some predetermined course of action.
In astrology if a native planet occupies exaltation sign then it is generally the case of Karm Yoga in first birth. If a planet occupies one’s own lordship sign then it may be case of second type of Karma Yoga as described above. However the converse may not be true. Planetary conjunction or compatible aspecting in one’s horoscope indicates Yoga between mother and father. In case of conjunction some of the planet may come out of mother’s preferences/proclivity and some of the planet may come out of father’s preferences/proclivity. Further a native planet falling in one of the cardinal houses, in astrology, represents Gyan Yoga. Bhakti Yoga is determined by position of moon and Dragon’s head. So the above described paradigm is broad generalization of the issue which has been tackled in more efficient and concrete form in astrology. A person may have been born with more than one type of yoga in one’s horoscope. However a big person may be born in lowly yoga or otherwise. This is because the position of moon and Dragon’s head is of paramount importance. (Please see the notes below).
Further Meditative Yoga (which includes certain physical exercises as a preliminary step, to bring mind in tune with physique by ensuring proper supply of blood/oxygen to brain cells) is a part of the process to be followed in certain form of Gyan Yoga which can be found only among persons of ascetic bent. This form of Gyan Yoga is also reflected through certain astrological dispositions which are called Tantra. Meditative Yoga is followed in order to settle down the mind and to wean away all carnal desires from the mind so that mind can focus over the absolute truth. In its crudest form this is also called Raj Yoga or Transcendental meditation.
In addition to all these, Gita summarizes the traits of a person into three categories – namely Tamo Gun, Rajo Gun and Satav Gun.
Tamo Gun- stands for dark traits lending violence and Physical strength,
Rajo Gun- stands for Action sense rising above egoism or egotism and
Satav Gun- stands for traits lending non-violent attitude and bent for realization of truths regarding the cycle of Creation,Conduction and Destruction. Of course self realization is prerequisite
All the three kinds of traits have their own utility so a perfect synthesis . of the three is required. But in order to avoid tribulations one must give weight-age/priority to the three traits in reverse order. Indian Caste system is based on
Notes: Dragon’s head(Rahu) in cardinal house(1,4,7,10) may lead to a sort of mirage chase for whole life amidst all good traits. Certain cardinal position of Rahu leads to greatness but life remains full of misery. In conjunction with any planet it is always troublesome for oneself as well as for others. Moon in the constellation of mercury or Ketu (dragon’s tail) is troublesome Yoga called Gand-mula( problem in origin/pro-creator mindset) . However all these depositions should not be interpreted as a cause. This is effect. Interpreting such things as cause leaves an impression of superstition around the whole issue. However amidst all odds the period system called Vishamotri Dasha in Hindu metaphysics , which itself depends upon moon position at the time of birth, may try to settle the things in keeping with divine justice. Krishnamurti system of astrology, which is basically prediction oriented , solved the problem of finer division of houses which was earlier based on baseless speculations.